In the past 2 decades, Cambodia has gone through many main changes reflecting
the heroic sacrifice of the Cambodian visitors to protect also to rebuild their
homeland, the typical of their living, and the prosperity of their future. With
the 23 October 1991 Paris Peace Agreement, Cambodia achieves complete correct
and sovereignty. For the effect, the Cambodian people may develop fervently
their nation with generous the help of international communities.


reaching their goal of prosperity, they faced many crucial proceedings. ALONG
WITH HIS Majesty eyesight of Preah Bat Samdech Norodom Sihanouk, the much loved
king of the Cambodia people, peace and national reconciliation not just a seceded state {not.

2. Liberal

Democratic Process and Respect for Individual Legal rights:

The Royal
Authorities adhere to the basic principle of democratic pluralism also to the respect
of human rights that, it strongly believes they are key to the
interpersonal progress. The democratization and liberalization of most social fabrics
must be quickly resolved because they are the important forces of financial and
interpersonal advancements. The Royal Government assures and protests independence of its
citizenry bestowed in the Constitution, in the General Declaration of Individual Legal
legal rights, in the Covenants on Civil and Political Rights and Interpersonal,
Cultural and Economic Correct, and in the Convention on the Rights of Women
and Kids. It extremely opposes racial hatred. The overall framework of the problem
run human legal rights organization will be upgraded.

3. Independence of the

Press and of Expression:

The Royal Govt facilitates freedom vigorously
of the press, freedom of expression and of assembly, which contribute openly
political and to social conscience. In order to look for different colors and colors
of opinions, message boards should happen. Simultaneously, freedom and
anarchy should be obviously differentiated. The Constitution provides
it citizenry their freedoms to take pleasure from and honored, never to be destructive
and intrusive.

4. The Component of Oppositions:

To mobilize the wisdom
from virtually all walks of living and backgrounds to build the country, the Royal
Govt widely facilitates the role of oppositions for constructive criticism,
as soon as and for all providers to the united states. The oppositions have full rights to
execute their political activities. They are completely guaranteed by the Royal
Govt the same interpersonal and political benefits, such as for example freedom,
justice, protection, and employment. They could assist Cambodia’s youthful
democracy to become completely developed. They don’t have to implicate themselves to
become labeled oppositions. The Royal Govt and the oppositions would need to
promote the nationwide curiosity jointly, the social stability, and the welfare
of the social people, in order that Cambodia and her people may enjoy the fruits of
resilient political strength and nationwide stability.

The role of the opposition will be defined in regulations.

5. The Participation of the
Civil Society:

The Royal Govt and the civil society shall incorporate
their principle of state of law into strengthening democracy, liberty, and social
law and order. They may not develop the country by conflicting interests between
civil and political societies. The civil society shall be an essential partner of
the Royal Authorities in the building of Cambodia. In view, the Royal Authorities
would endorse the multiple activities of the governmental organizations and
of associations, which have served Cambodian people nationwide. It will
appropriate special funds and allocate them to the non-governmental organization
in providing providers on its behalf to the needy. The Royal Govt would welcome
the participation of the international nongovernment organizations along the way
of rehabilitation of economic advancement and in the advertising of democracy and
individual rights. Therefore, it requires drafting a law upon the nongovernment
organizations and associations.

6. The Guideline of Law

The rule of regulation may be the basic principle of democracy, the sustainability of the
federal government, and of most institutions. It really is to ensure freedom,
nationwide curiosity, justice, harmony, and interpersonal sustainability.
A forceful legal framework to get rid of assaults on individual dignity is
urgently required. The enforcement and education of legislation would be widely
disseminated. All males are born free and the same, but they must not be allowed
to be above the law. A set of laws must be applied equally to all.

7. Reforms

Presently, administrative, judicial, military and police, and
economic reforms are urgent to be addressed.

Today, Cambodia’s administrative machine is definitely excessive. The Royal Authorities can not
further support it. It would take steps to reformist. It should gradually
trimmed. It should be neutral and sound administration, which is capable to
effectively serve the people. The rule of civil servants must be strictly
applied. The training program to update the knowledge and skill of the employees
must be spontaneously upgraded and maintained.

The physical structure of provinces and their cities must be reviewed. The provincial administration’s autonomy
should seriously be considered. The administration of provinces, districts, communes, and villages should be correctly carried out to regulations.

The judicial system and the court are essential to be entirely overhauled. For legal reasons,
they ought to become independent, honest, and trustworthy. To achieve success
their quest, the companies among the national institutions, like the National
Assembly, the federal government, the ConstitutionalCouncil, the Council of
The magistracy, and the courtroom, should be overcome. Judges’salaries must be
adequately raised. Especially, the judges in the Supreme Court must request
their summons be properly recorded and executed. However, if there is a judge
committing a violation, the Council of Magistracy should immediately reprimand
him or her.

The corruption and power abuses, which obstruct the promotion and supports of the people’s living conditions, ought to be stopped. Cambodia’s, the businessmen, and the investors must not be victimized by those exploitations. The Royal Government of Cambodia considers the fight against corruption as its matter of priority.

The Royal Government would set transparency in every workforce. The anti-corruption institution would be soon
formed. To ensure the effectiveness in the workforce, the following measures would urgently be realized:

The anti-corruption law against the corrupt, The creation of an agency to monitor and to fight corruption,
The wealth clearance decree, The State estates control, The encouragement of citizenry to participate in the corruption fight, The appropriation of pay raise for the civil servants in accordance with the national budget.

National Protection and Security

The Royal Cambodian MILITARY (RCAF), the military police, and the National Law enforcement would fulfill their roles
according to the military and Law enforcement rules of order. They need to become
neutral, obedient, and self-restraint. They need to sacrifice their lives to
safeguard the Constitution of the Kingdom of Cambodia. They might bravely defense
the nationwide independence, sovereignty, and territorial integrity, to maintain
peace, security, and stability, and to enforce law and order. They must end
insurgency, terrorism, and secession. They must completely eradicate kidnapping,
armed robbery, drug trafficking, artifact smuggling, money laundering, and sexual
exploitation of minor children and women. They must properly enforce the law to
make their homeland prosperous and safe for all, including diplomats, investors,
tourists, and foreign workers.

They would participate in the national development programs. They must be active in the rescue operation to save the lives of the people from natural causes. They ought to curtail the use of illegal weapons and close down the arms black markets.

The service of the militia could be reviewed. Some places still their assistance. For other areas, it
help isn’t applicable. Nevertheless, the demobilization of militia and its own
disarmament ought to be highly considered.

Foreign Policies

Cambodia adheres to plan of neutrality and-alliance. It indiscriminately establishes relations with all friendly states worldwide. It conducts guidelines of mutual understanding, equality, respect, and-interference in additional state’s internal affairs.

Cambodia would fortify bilateral friendship and cooperation with its neighbors. The border issues with its neighbors would be resolved through negotiations and peaceful means.

Cambodia would establish bilateral and multilateral friendships with regional countries, especially with ASEAN. It wants to contribute as it may in jointly building Southeast Asia to be a region of peace, tranquility, and prosperity.

When it becomes an active member of ASEAN, Cambodia would conduct itself within the principle of the agreements.

Cambodia is a member of the non-aligned movement. Within the principle of agreements, it would increase its diplomatic relations with other nations and set up embassies within its financial and human resources.

Cambodia with high respect for humanity would conduct itself to be a good member of the United Nations.

To solve the issue of illegal immigrants, Cambodia would utilize its immigration legislation that enshrines the theory established in the universal Declaration upon Human Rights.

The Royal Federal government of Cambodia is very grateful to the international communities for their contribution, peace, democracy, and prosperity in Cambodia.

Economic Policy

The economy is a principal domain to support the national development program, which involves sustainability and macro-economy. It should effectively use its natural and human resources. Cambodia would promote free-market economy linked with the program of combat poverty and social justice.

The economic mechanism runs its course within rules and regulations of the free-market economy. The Royal Government would not manage the market, but it would support it. The Royal Government would grand the personal sector the right of self- determination on productivity, purchase, and expenditure, and it would intervene significantly less. For the factors, it would establish legal and administrative structures to make sure the independence and autonomy of the personal sector to property rights, work, profession, and the proper to compete freely.

It could improve the mechanism and framework of economic management to
guarantee the efficiency and transparency to handle corruption and violation of
the regulation. That is essential to stabilize the macroeconomy, to boost the
people’s standard of living, and to encourage the investment. It prioritizes the physical agricultural infrastructure, electricity, and human resources, which are the basis of the overall development. The following goals must be achieved:

To speed the economic growth in order to improve the popular living standard and to create more employment. The chief potential to promote economic growth is the amass and to transform the natural resources and the national products into the products of export. The RoyalGovernment would improve economic rules and regulations and promote Cambodia to be considered a goods producer to be able to draw in more foreign investment.

To ensure the balance of Riel foreign currency, to keep carefully the inflation rate in the bay, to avoid the loss of
income and private conserving by the Rielfluctuation, also to build self-confidence in Riel by devaluating with caution the dollar.

To improve the export of agricultural and manufacturing products with high expertise and quality.

The Royal Authorities would do it best to alleviate poverty. The alleviation of poverty is not only the basis of sustainability of economic development but it also the priority to implement the social program.

To attain the above goals, the Royal Authorities would seize down the following imbalances:

Between the need and supply, especially on foods, housing, transportation, education, and health care. Between the revenue and expenditure within the national budget.

Between the import and export. Between the currency and goods. Between salary and the standard of the living of civil servants and servicemen. Between the increase in the workforce and employment. Between the dependence on national development and working out of human resources.

The Royal Govt would continue to perform the projects, which are identified in the national program of rehabilitation
and development of Cambodia. It could concentrate on the long-term plan for the economic and interpersonal development in the initial five years from 1996-2000. It also attempts to attain an urgent dependence on investment in
the community sector. Based on these fundamentals and the ongoing achievements, the Royal Authorities may carry out the following economic strategies:

The Royal Government strongly believes in the process of selecting the ones, who are healthy, well educated, well-disciplined, honest, independent, and responsible. In this spirit, the improvement of quality education, health solutions, and food security must be strongly promoted by theRoyal Authorities, it would prioritize the expense on the vocational
training and higher education. The Cambodian workers would be better equipped with skill and know-how.

The Royal Authorities would cooperate with the Chamber of Commerce and additional professional institutions to set up the center of transfer of the know-how.

The present shortcoming of the national infrastructure tremendously undermines the economic growth of Cambodia.
The Royal Government would continue to rehabilitate the national infrastructure. Eventually, it would privatize mass transportation and communication, telecommunication, and the electrical energy


The primary economic infrastructure of Cambodia agriculture. The Royal Govt would improve the irrigation program
because agricultural actions in Cambodia are exclusively dependent on the elements. Consequently, it is vital to upgrade the overall Direction of Irrigation to the level of the Ministry of Water Resources and Meteorology. In five years from1998-2003, it would increase the irrigation capacity from 16.62% to 20%, i.e. capacity from 374,603 ha. To 450,600 ha. of rice fields.

The water supply would be strictly monitored and distributed. The high quality of clean water must be absolutely maintained.

The rubber plantation would be privatized. The RoyalGovernment would encourage a large or small scale of rubber
production by the provision of credit and ownership.

The Royal Authorities would consolidate the forest management to ensure its sustainability. It strictly
and completely bans illegal logging. It would take the next steps to:

Cease further expenditure on wood processing. Review all forest concession agreements and cancel non-complied agreements. The forest beneath the non-complied contract will be used for national parks and habitats.

Encourage the firms with complied agreements to modernize their factories to be able to increase the worth of timber, also to create more careers for the Cambodians The Royal Govt must strictly enforce its reforestation plan.
Review and amend regulations on forest administration to benefit the investors, who do comply with the rules. Persons, who commit illegal logging and violate the forest legislation, must be brought to justice.


The Royal Authorities would encourage small and large industries to fulfill their tasks. It could focus on the technique of producing export goods instead of import types. The liberalization of worldwide trade makes the local items tough to compete in the international markets. The small industries generate its result enough for domestic make use of. It strives
all initiatives to make the textile industrial sectors and agricultural industrial sectors to be the primary structure of Cambodian industries.

The Royal Govt promotes the study and exploitation of petrol, gas, and various other minerals, which turns into the potentiality of the national guarantee adequate electric supply with low priced and meet its economic objective.


The Royal Federal government would enhance its policy of trade liberalization. It could facilitate the totally free
circulation of products. The price and quantity of the growth of its production. It would also broaden international trade relations by bridging the domestic markets to foreign markets. Finally, it would promote integration and global trade.


The Royal Government would promote the development of tourism and make it to become tourism of culture and nature. It would heighten the private and public investments targeting at building up tourist infrastructure. It would ensure security and political stability. Tourist work has to be linked by the preservation of natural cultural heritage and the natural environment.

Foreign Economic Policy

The Royal Government
adopts a precise political guideline of its external economic conforming to the liberalization of international trade, and integrating national economies into the world economy. Through this policy, Cambodia prepares itself to attract and to
face regionally and globally the process of economic internationalization. At the same time, the competitive productivity and capacity of the Cambodian economy in the international markets will be enhanced through the application of mass based on the availability of household resources.

Cambodia, however, will encounter the influx of foreign finished items, which rejects numerous industries
in the united states. The pressure of the integration procedure for the regional economy, where Cambodiaexpects to become listed on ASEAN, and the World Trade Organization in the near future will add more burden to the national budget through the fall of the tax revenue, and import duties. These financial activities would change the economic structure of Cambodia. The Royal Government is usually optimistic and prepares to amend its legal procedures to accommodate economic integration.

Investment Policy

The Royal Government
of Cambodia promotes internal and external investments through the application of the principle and the encouragement of the investment policy of the Kingdom of Cambodia. It strengthens its cooperation with friendly countries and their institutions in order to attract more investment, developed countries and the expansion of the markets.

To have a good environment for the investment, the social-political stability, and the stability of the macro-economy
must be ensured. The theory and the assistance of the investment plan should firmly adhere. The Royal Federal government of Cambodia may reform and improve the institution, which is in charge of the actions of the investment, specifically for the improvement of the formality of the application form for the investment undermining the unlawful activities and corruption.

Financial and Monetary Policies

The Royal Federal government must be sure of the effectiveness of the execution of its financial and financial policies. The fiscal plan recently improved hasn’t yet been properly carried out. The national budget, which has a duty to evaluate, to collect, and to distribute the national resources are the most important tool to take care of the economic and interpersonal guidelines of the royal government of Cambodia. Therefore, the national budget should be disbursed distinctively for the support of open public solutions, and for the managing of public projects with the financial
the feeling of prudence, conscience, and proficiency, theRoyal Federal government must give the concern to the advertising of productivity, the private purchase, the social applications, and public healthcare. The future ASEAN membership of Cambodia would impact tremendously the reform of the revenue of the nationwide budget. The national income by taxation on the import and export products will be reduced. For that, it could strengthen all faces of tax the business owners to be in the investment process, and to achieve the budget surplus for which it is to be the sources of internal credit, such as for the public investment and for the financial intervention to spend raises for the employees of the federal government.

To attain effective control over the spending budget and fiscal plans, the Royal Federal government of Cambodia must instantly take the following steps:

Use every measure no matter what to combat tax evasion.
Highly prohibit revenue collection and shelter, and disbursement
infringing the budgetary system.
Abolish tax exemption, which isn’t
stipulated in the investment law, regulations upon fiscal policy, and
regulations on annual economic management.
The Ministry of economy and
Financing must strictly check and control goods before loading to be able to
properly tax the merchandises, while its services are being effectively
conducted with high consideration of time consumption.
Carry out a strict way
of measuring austerity, specifically against the unneeded expenses. The
financial resources from privatization must only be used for the public
investment such as the infrastructure, or the counterpart fund of the credit
fund from the financial institution.
The fund used other than infrastructure
the purpose must be prohibited.
The Royal Government undertakes its political will impose punishment on fraud, illegal transfer of funds, and corruption. To ensure the stability of the buying power of Riel currency, the Royal Government would
setthe spending rate of the national budget to be below the rate of the
national economic growth, and the rate of reserve fund of the banking
institutions. The curiosity rate conducive to the advertising of private
conserving, and the intervention of theNational Financial institution in the
domestic financial markets to be able to stabilize the price feel

The attempts of the Royal Federal government of Cambodia to cut
down the economic imbalance will encounter numerous difficulties because the
limited money forces it to prioritize the usage of the economic measure. But
usually, the economic equipment came collectively at one time. At the
same time, the lingering economic crisis and the declined economic growth in
the region will impact the flow of foreign investment and domestic
growth. The Royal Government would overcome those economic stumbling blocks in
order to attain its economic goal, because of its past achievements. This task
needs the joint participation of nationwide and worldwide sectors to boost
the national economy and to fortify the capacity building, the task sprit, ethics,
and social obligation of public servants.

III. Culture, Health,
Interpersonal Obligation:

The Royal Govt initiates tough measure
to restore and to promote cultural heritage and national civilization, to end
the declination of national culture, to highlight the social ethic, and to
promote national cultural characteristics and progress. For that, the
RoyalGovernment has to expand the education of culture and civilization, to
promote the general knowledge of national identification and pride, also to
end the flow of the international lifestyle, which affects the nationwide

On wellness matter, the Royal Government would promote health
program to public and personal sectors, disease prevention, mom and child care,
air travel against the contagious disease, and health check-up and treatment in
State hospitals and treatment centers.

On interpersonal issues, the Royal
The government would upgrade the quality lifestyle of the people also to ensure the
equivalent benefits for the people from all walks of life. Primarily,

Royal Govt would decrease to the utmost of the vulnerability and raise the
chance for the indigent and indigent citizens to be in a position to participate
in the social and economic programs. It would firmly carry out the labor
legislation and the international convention on labor unions in order to secure
the right and privilege for the workers, employees, and employers. It would
establish a good working condition to benefit the handicapped individuals, the
orphans, the widows, and the indigent men and women, their livings could be
better conditioned. It would defend the right of women and children according to
the universal convention. It would engage the women in politics and in various
other social and economic areas. It would support the minority involved in
restoring the financial, interpersonal, and cultural heritage.

To succeed
the interpersonal rehabilitation and development, generally there is an essential
aspect to be addressed; this is the job of building social conscience,
self-confidence, and self- perseverance, which create quality work. The idea and
stand on regular productivity to improve the skill and the knowledge of the know-how
in agreement with the rules of development must be encouraged.